Connection: Dr. Irim Yasin

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Types of Cancer

Offering more specialists, more treatments and more hope for those living with cancer.

Whether you've been given a diagnosis of Stage 4 or Stage 1, INTEGRIS is always your best answer to cancer. Use this page to gain a deeper understanding of what the diagnosis means, about the detection methods used, what treatments consist of, to meet your expert cancer team … and to be reassured that others have walked these same steps before you. Take a minute to share in the journey of some INTEGRIS cancer survivors — they’ll take you from diagnosis to prognosis to life today. To learn more, call 405-773-6400.

Our INTEGRIS team is committed to fighting cancer in all its many forms.

There are many more cancers than are featured in this section, and you can be assured that our dedicated specialists are committed to diagnosing, treating and caring for patients fighting any type of cancer. We’re offering more care, more treatments, more choices and, ultimately, more hope for cancer patients and families. Learn more about some of the common cancer types below.

Bladder Cancer

Men are more likely to develop bladder cancer than women. Risk factors include: smoking tobacco, long-term exposure to certain workplace chemicals or carcinogens, a diet high in fats and fried foods, having a history of recurrent bladder infections, long-term use of urinary catheters and being over the age of 60. Symptoms can include blood in the urine, frequent urination, or feeling the need to urinate without being able to do so, and pain during urination.

Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal cancer typically develops as a polyp inside the colon or rectum. Because colon cancer is often discussed together with rectal cancer, together they are referred to as "colorectal cancer." It can occur in men or women and is most often found in people over the age of 50. While it is prevalent — it’s the third most common type of cancer in men and women in the United States — it’s also highly treatable when found early.

Esophageal Cancer

Approximately 17,500 new cases of esophageal cancer are reported each year, most of which are in men. Common risk factors include obesity, tobacco use, excessive alcohol use and certain disorders like gastroesophageal reflux disease and Barrett’s esophagus. The majority of esophageal cancer cases occur after age 55. Symptoms may include difficulty swallowing, unintentional weight loss, worsening indigestion or hearburn, coughing or hoarseness, or chest pain.

Kidney Cancer

Although the body has two kidneys, only one part of one kidney is necessary for the body to function. There are approximately 64,000 new cases of kidney cancer reported each year. Common risk factors include obesity, high blood pressure, dialysis, smoking tobacco, exposure to asbestos and/or cadmium, and a family history. Possible symptoms are blood in the urine, lower back pain on one side, fatigue, loss of appetite and unintentional weight loss.

Liver Cancer

In its early stages, liver cancer does not produce many symptoms and is hard to detect. As the cancer grows, symptoms such as abdominal pain and bloating, weight loss, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, and jaundice, or yellowing of the skin and eyes may appear. Chronic liver infections, such as viral hepatitis B and C and cirrhosis of the liver, can increase a person's risk for developing the disease. Men are more likely to develop liver cancer, as are people over the age of 60.


The lymph system is part of the immune system, which helps the body fight infection and disease. Because lymph tissue is found throughout the body, lymphoma can begin almost anywhere. There are two main types of lymphoma: Hodgkin lymphoma (rare) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (more common). While the cause of non-Hodgkin lymphoma isn’t known, you’re at increased risk if you have a weakened immune system or have certain types of infections.

Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer, which begins in the ovaries, often goes undetected until it has spread to the pelvis and abdomen. It is more difficult to treat at this late stage and can frequently be fatal. Early-stage ovarian cancer, in which the disease is confined to the ovary, is more likely to be treated successfully. Risk factors include family history of ovarian cancer, infertility, obesity and age — ovarian cancer rates are highest in women aged 55-64.

Skin Cancer

There are three forms of skin cancer. Basal cell carcinomas are the most common — these don’t typically spread, but do require treatment. Squamous cell carcinomas can spread and can also be life-threatening if not treated appropriately. Abnormal growths of melanocytes — i.e. malignant melanomas — are the most aggressive form of skin cancer. They can spread quickly to other parts of the body and can be fatal if not detected and treated early

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